Like anything else in life, there's a method to the special education process. It was created in order to help those people who deal with learning disabilities. In order to help you understand this method, here's a simplified version of the Special Education process.
Someone sees that the child is having difficulty in school and asks that testing be done to find out what's causing the problem. Such request can be from tutors or even parents. If the parents make the request, the district must agree to give a full and individual evaluation.
If the request has been sent by some other party, such as a teacher, the special team is gathered to consider the testing matter. No matter who makes the request, you as the parent, must give written permission for this testing to be done. Then you will be informed the results of the consulting.
If the council decides not to test you, it must inform about its decision straight forward. You can continue to pursue the option through a due process hearing if you wish.
You have a right to be mailed and informed about then council meeting results beforehand. If you don't understand what is being said in the report, you have the right to have someone explain the results to you.
After the testing you will be granted the results given by the special team. If your child is found to have a learning disability, and you agree that he should receive special education services, then you must give written permission for this to happen.
Even if he is not found to be having any learning disability, anyway you will have evaluation of his capabilities.
If you disagree with the results either way, you have the right to have him tested by someone outside the school district. The district is to pay for evaluation, or state why it has been refuses, if had been.
If you and the school district agree that a learning disability was found, then you and the team will decide the best program for your child. Special Individualized Education Program (IEP) will be created in order to calculate the goals and potential during the coming year. It will also list the services your child will get and any special aids or helps your child can get, such as special transportation or speech therapy if he needs it.
Your child is entitled to receive his services in the "Least Restrictive Environment." That means that the services and products will be delivered in terms and to the right place. For example, he won't be placed in the resource room for help with math if he needs help only with reading. If he has a learning disability, he wont be asked to stay and repeat till he understands. In other words, he will only receive help in things he needs help in.
You should take the active part in the process of educating your child. If you know the process, you can make sure that it's followed correctly and that your child's rights are recognized. You just need to keep an eye of your child, but not to do all the work instead of him. Again, it all comes back to acting on behalf of your child, since he can't do that for himself. And, in the long run, he will be more successful because of you.